Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Extraordinary Natural Wonders, Pamukkale

PAMUKKALE is one of the most unique phenomena in nature.Extraordinary Natural Wonders Of Turkey

Pamukkale is located in the Inner Aegean region at a distance of 20 km from the town of Denizli in Turkey.

Pamukkale (Hierapolis) translates to Cotton Castle. The great attraction is the white immensity of the cliff with sculptured basins full of water and congealed waterfalls; they seem done of snow, cloud, cotton.
On approaching Pamukkale, the first thing you will see is a rock platform over 100 m in height rising up from the plain.

The slopes of this hill, which look from a distance like a great white speck, are covered with large numbers of pools and terraces.

As you come nearer, you will begin to see this natural phenomenon, which resembles a frozen waterfall, in greater detail.

It is in this way that these terraces over 100 m in height composed of layers of the accumulated limestone sediment have been gradually formed in the course of the ages.
As the limestone sediment reaches a certain level the water accumulates in pools and, as these pools fill up, overflows into smaller pools in the vicinity and from these flows into the small hollows and depressions around them.
The limestone layers in the pools rise up in steps, one above the other, and the continual flow of water keeps this process in operation.
The stalactites form one of the most important features in the landscape.
With the formation of the layers and the emergence of steps and terraces one above the other, the water leaves the limestone deposit behind it and drips down in the form of stalactites, as in the Damlataþ caverns.
The calcium oxide in the water adds to the thickness of the white layers and widens the terraces, producing pools in fantastic shapes reminiscent of oyster shells or flower petals, while the small amount of sulphur and iron oxide produces stripes of yellow, red and green over the white of the limestone.
As much the cascades of calcium carbonate as the water change color in accordance with changes of the solar light that illuminates them, and the effect is surprising.
At times white, others blue, or green or other colors. The spectacle is flaring.
The continuous dynamics of the erosion and the transformation of the natural landscape result in an unusual environment.
We can call PAMUKKALE the 8th Wonder of the world.

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